A study on time constraints and task deviations at sea leading to accidents - a cultural-historical perspective
Rajapakse, A and Emad, GR and Lutzhoft, M and Grech, M, A study on time constraints and task deviations at sea leading to accidents - a cultural-historical perspective, Maritime Policy and Management, 46, (4) pp. 436-452. ISSN 0308-8839 (2019) [Refereed Article]
The high frequency of maritime accidents and incidents occurring at sea has been a major challenge for the maritime industry in the last decades. The majority of these accidents are attributed to seafarersí poor performance. This, despite the fact that the international maritime domain continues to adopt and update conventions regulating maritime safety to mitigate these accidents from occurring. In this paper, utilizing a qualitative research approach, we show through a socio-cultural contextual perspective that time constraints as a major influencing factor in causing task deviations at sea which leads to dangerous situations. We analyse how some of the present barriers in place to prevent accidents at sea are in effect prompt seafarers who are working under time pressure to deviate from their task. Moreover, the paper discusses the social constituents such as job insecurity and the seafarersí viewpoint towards the ship operatorsí commitment to safe ship operations are crucial in motivating seafarersí deviating from the task at hand when faced with time pressure.
maritime transport, safety, task deviation, work as imagined, work as done, time constraints, seafaring