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Graded Combined Aerobic Resistance Exercise (CARE) to prevent or treat the persistent post-concussion syndrome


Sullivan, KA and Hills, AP and Iverson, GL, Graded Combined Aerobic Resistance Exercise (CARE) to prevent or treat the persistent post-concussion syndrome, Current Neurology and Neuroscience Reports, 18, (11) Article 75. ISSN 1528-4042 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, part of Springer Nature 2018

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11910-018-0884-9


Purpose of Review: To review the growing body of indirect and direct evidence that suggests that exercise can be helpful for children, adolescents, and adults with persistent symptoms following a mild traumatic brain injury (mTBI).

Recent Findings: The direct evidence shows that graded exercise assessments are safe, and that aerobic exercise interventions are associated with improvement of multiple symptoms and other benefits, including earlier return-to-sport. The indirect evidence supports this approach via studies that reveal the potential mechanisms, and show benefits for related presentations and individual symptoms, including headaches, neck pain, vestibular problems, sleep, stress, anxiety, and depression. We document the forms of exercise used for the post-acute management of mTBI, highlight the knowledge gaps, and provide future research directions.

Summary: We recommend trialing a new approach that utilizes a graduated program of individually prescribed combined aerobic resistance exercises (CARE) if mTBI symptoms persist. This program has the potential to improve patient outcomes and add to the management options for providers.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:head trauma, concussion, mild traumatic brain injury, exercise, treatment, rehabilitation
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Exercise physiology
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Hills, AP (Professor Andrew Hills)
ID Code:130644
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2019-02-06
Last Modified:2019-12-03

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