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Dysregulations of synaptic vesicle trafficking in Schizophrenia

Citation

Egbujo, CN and Sinclair, D and Hahn, C-G, Dysregulations of synaptic vesicle trafficking in Schizophrenia, Current Psychiatry Reports, 18, (8) Article 77. ISSN 1523-3812 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Springer Science+Business Media New York

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11920-016-0710-5

Abstract

Schizophrenia is a serious psychiatric illness which is experienced by about 1 % of individuals worldwide and has a debilitating impact on perception, cognition, and social function. Over the years, several models/hypotheses have been developed which link schizophrenia to dysregulations of the dopamine, glutamate, and serotonin receptor pathways. An important segment of these pathways that have been extensively studied for the pathophysiology of schizophrenia is the presynaptic neurotransmitter release mechanism. This set of molecular events is an evolutionarily well-conserved process that involves vesicle recruitment, docking, membrane fusion, and recycling, leading to efficient neurotransmitter delivery at the synapse. Accumulated evidence indicate dysregulation of this mechanism impacting postsynaptic signal transduction via different neurotransmitters in key brain regions implicated in schizophrenia. In recent years, after ground-breaking work that elucidated the operations of this mechanism, research efforts have focused on the alterations in the messenger RNA (mRNA) and protein expression of presynaptic neurotransmitter release molecules in schizophrenia and other neuropsychiatric conditions. In this review article, we present recent evidence from schizophrenia human postmortem studies that key proteins involved in the presynaptic release mechanism are dysregulated in the disorder. We also discuss the potential impact of dysfunctional presynaptic neurotransmitter release on the various neurotransmitter systems implicated in schizophrenia.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:synapse, trafficking, schizophrenia
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Cellular Nervous System
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
UTAS Author:Sinclair, D (Dr Duncan Sinclair)
ID Code:130626
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:15
Deposited By:Wicking Dementia Research and Education Centre
Deposited On:2019-02-06
Last Modified:2019-04-03
Downloads:0

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