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Biology and ecology of the globally significant kelp Ecklonia radiata

Citation

Wernberg, T and Coleman, MA and Babcock, RC and Bell, SY and Bolton, JJ and Connell, SD and Hurd, CL and Johnson, CR and Marzinelli, EM and Shears, NT and Steinberg, PD and Thomsen, MS and Vanderklift, MA and Verges, A and Wright, JT, Biology and ecology of the globally significant kelp Ecklonia radiata, Oceanography and Marine Biology: An Annual Review, 57 (In Press) [Substantial Review]

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Abstract

Ecklonia radiata is a globally widespread kelp, dominating temperate reefs throughout the southern hemisphere. Throughout much of its range it is the only laminarian kelp and hence plays a key role in facilitating biodiversity and driving food webs, and underpins immense ecological and socioeconomic values. This review synthesises the growing literature on E. radiata from its phylogeny and distribution through to its biology, ecology and recent changes. It provides an assessment of the state of knowledge and identifies gaps in our understanding of this important species. Despite being tolerant to a wide range of abiotic conditions, recent environmental change has caused direct and indirect loss of E. radiata forests, with extensive areas transitioning to turf and urchin barrens. Ongoing climate change may require application of multi-faceted and novel strategies to increase resistance and resilience to future conditions. By integrating variation across space, time and environmental change, this review provides a synthesis of the current status and possible future trajectories of E. radiata forests.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:Ecklonia, kelp, seaweed
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Phycology (incl. Marine Grasses)
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Biological Sciences
UTAS Author:Hurd, CL (Professor Catriona Hurd)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
UTAS Author:Wright, JT (Dr Jeffrey Wright)
ID Code:130550
Year Published:In Press
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2019-02-01
Last Modified:2019-02-04
Downloads:0

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