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How to sustain fisheries: expert knowledge from 34 nations

Citation

Nilsson, JA and Fulton, EA and Johnson, CR and Haward, M, How to sustain fisheries: expert knowledge from 34 nations, Water, 11, (2) Article 213. ISSN 2073-4441 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3390/w11020213

Abstract

Ensuring productive and sustainable fisheries involves understanding the complex interactions between biology, environment, politics, management and governance. Fisheries are faced with a range of challenges, and without robust and careful management in place, levels of anthropogenic disturbance on ecosystems and fisheries are likely to have a continuous negative impact on biodiversity and fish stocks worldwide. Fisheries management agencies, therefore, need to be both efficient and effective in working towards long-term sustainable ecosystems and fisheries, while also being resilient to political and socioeconomic pressures. Marine governance, i.e., the processes of developing and implementing decisions over fisheries, often has to account for socioeconomic issues (such as unemployment and business developments) when they attract political attention and resources. This paper addresses the challenges of (1) identifying the main issues in attempting to ensure the sustainability of fisheries, and (2) how to bridge the gap between scientific knowledge and governance of marine systems. Utilising data gained from a survey of marine experts from 34 nations, we found that the main challenges perceived by fisheries experts were overfishing, habitat destruction, climate change and a lack of political will. Measures suggested to address these challenges did not demand any radical change, but included extant approaches, including ecosystem-based fisheries management with particular attention to closures, gear restrictions, use of individual transferable quotas (ITQs) and improved compliance, monitoring and control.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fisheries, sustainability , governance, ocean governance, fisheries management, ecosystem-based management, overfishing, sustainable fishing
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fisheries Management
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Wild Caught Fin Fish (excl. Tuna)
UTAS Author:Nilsson, JA (Ms Jessica Nilsson)
UTAS Author:Fulton, EA (Dr Elizabeth Fulton)
UTAS Author:Johnson, CR (Professor Craig Johnson)
UTAS Author:Haward, M (Professor Marcus Haward)
ID Code:130514
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Oceans and Cryosphere
Deposited On:2019-01-30
Last Modified:2019-06-12
Downloads:35 View Download Statistics

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