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Tools to enrich vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning for coastal communities in data-poor regions: application to a case study in Madagascar

Citation

Cochrane, KL and Rakotondrazafy, H and Aswani, S and Chaigneau, T and Downey-Breedt, N and Lemahieu, A and Paytan, A and Pecl, G and Plaganyi, E and Popova, E and van Putten, EI and Sauer, WHH and Byfield, V and Gasalla, MA and van Gennip, SJ and Malherbe, W and Rabary, A and Rabearisoa, A and Ramaroson, N and Randrianarimanana, V and Scott, L and Tsimanaoraty, PM, Tools to enrich vulnerability assessment and adaptation planning for coastal communities in data-poor regions: application to a case study in Madagascar, Frontiers in Marine Science, 5 Article 505. ISSN 2296-7745 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2019 Cochrane, Rakotondrazafy, Aswani, Chaigneau, Downey-Breedt, Lemahieu, Paytan, Pecl, Plaganyi, Popova, van Putten, Sauer, Byfield, Gasalla, van Gennip, Malherbe, Rabary, Rabearisoa, Ramaroson, Randrianarimanana, Scott and Tsimanaoraty. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3389/fmars.2018.00505

Abstract

Here we describe an interdisciplinary and multi-country initiative to develop rapid, participatory methods to assess the vulnerability of coastal communities and facilitate adaptation to climate change in data-poor regions. The methods were applied in Madagascar as a case study. The initiative centered on an exploratory research exercise in two communities in the south-west of Madagascar, a workshop held in Antananarivo in June 2016, combined with a component on communicating ocean science and climate change to stakeholders. It utilized innovative and rapid approaches to combine global and local skills and information on adaptation and resilience building, taking cognizance of national policies, and was based on the principles of a holistic, integrated and participatory approach. This paper summarizes the activities undertaken and assesses how effective they were in achieving the project goals, as well as presenting examples of the outputs obtained. The activities demonstrated the value of using existing high resolution global climate models for provision of information on future trends, and of including a traits-based ecological risk assessment as a standard component of vulnerability assessments. User-friendly qualitative modeling activities helped to consolidate holistic, integrated understanding of selected fisheries. The value of assessing the importance and resilience of supply chains and taking the local management measures and institutions into account were validated. The outcomes of the initiative reinforced the principle that the cumulative ecological and social impacts of individual stressors and drivers on marine-dependent communities must be addressed, including climate-change related stressors. Assessments of vulnerability and adaptation planning should be forward-looking and consider likely changes in the future. They must also be done with participation by local experts and stakeholders to ensure knowledge exchange, local capacity-building and ownership and that outputs are rooted in the local realities, are accepted as being legitimate, and reinforce and complement relevant legal frameworks and laws.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fishing communities, Madagascar, climate change, vulnerability assessment, adaptation
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Ecological Applications
Research Field:Ecological Impacts of Climate Change
Objective Division:Animal Production and Animal Primary Products
Objective Group:Fisheries - Wild Caught
Objective Field:Fisheries - Wild Caught not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Pecl, G (Professor Gretta Pecl)
UTAS Author:van Putten, EI (Dr Ingrid Van Putten)
ID Code:130423
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2019-01-24
Last Modified:2019-06-12
Downloads:33 View Download Statistics

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