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A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention Programme to Improve Psychological Well-Being

Citation

Ojala, B and Clas-Hakan, N and Huhtala, H and Bohle, P, A Cognitive Behavioural Intervention Programme to Improve Psychological Well-Being, Journal of Environmental and Public Health, 16, (1) Article 80. ISSN 1687-9805 (2019) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.3390/ijerph16010080

Abstract

Psychosocial risk factors have increased in today’s work environment, and they threaten work ability. Good workplace atmosphere, psychosocial support, the ability to cope with stress, and skills and knowledge are all connected to more successful coping. Faster changes in the work environment and an increased workload can lead to a chain of fatigue and illness. The aim of this study was to evaluate a cognitive behavioural intervention as an early rehabilitation strategy to improve employees’ well-being, in intervention group N446 and in control group N116. The well-being measures used were the Bergen Burnout Inventory (BBI 15), Utrecht Work Engagement Scale (UWES), and depression and stress screening questions. Data were obtained by a self-report survey at baseline and at a nine-month follow-up. Differences were analysed within and between groups. The results suggest that cognitive behavioural intervention as an early rehabilitation programme will increase employees’ well-being measured by BBI 15, UWES, and depression and stress screening questions. In the intervention group, the total BBI 15 score (p < 0.01) and each of the three subdimensions of burnout (exhaustion, cynicism, and sense of inadequacy) decreased at follow-up. Mental health issues are the commonest reasons for sick leave and early retirement. We need ways to prevent these issues.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:stress, occupational health, intervention, burnout, well-being
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Business and Management
Research Field:Organisational Behaviour
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
UTAS Author:Bohle, P (Professor Philip Bohle)
ID Code:130390
Year Published:2019
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2019-01-23
Last Modified:2019-03-20
Downloads:17 View Download Statistics

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