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Implications for instruction arising from the relationship between approaches to studying and academic outcomes


Kember, D and Harper, G, Implications for instruction arising from the relationship between approaches to studying and academic outcomes, Instructional Science, 16, (1) pp. 35-46. ISSN 0020-4277 (1987) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1007/BF00120004


The study used the Approaches to Studying Inventory of Ramsden and Entwistle (1981) on a sample of 1095 internal and external students at the Capricornia Institute and the Tasmanian State Institute of Technology in Australia. The inventory yields scores for sixteen sub-scales relating to approach to study. Discriminant analyses were performed separately for external and internal students, using the sub-scale scores as discriminating variables. The variables distinguished significantly between those who persisted with a course and those who withdrew or failed. Discriminant functions were also produced to distinguish students receiving pass grades from those achieving a higher grade. A different set of variables appeared in this discriminant function showing that withdrawal or drop-out could not be treated as part of a continuous scale of grades awarded. The results are discussed in terms of the relationship between input variables (eg, curriculum, instructional design and learning environment), process (approach to studying) and the output or course outcomes. Surface approach was the major discriminator between withdrawal, or failure, and persistence. The effect of study skills programmes and curriculum changes on surface approach and hence persistence is discussed.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Education
Research Group:Specialist studies in education
Research Field:Learning sciences
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Teaching and curriculum
Objective Field:Pedagogy
UTAS Author:Kember, D (Professor David Kember)
ID Code:130163
Year Published:1987
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2019-01-14
Last Modified:2019-01-14

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