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How is somatosensory information used to adapt to changes in the mechanical environment?


Milner, TE and Hinder, MR and Franklin, DW, How is somatosensory information used to adapt to changes in the mechanical environment?, Computational Neuroscience: Theoretical Insights into Brain Function, Elsevier, United States, pp. 363-372. ISBN 978-0-444-52823-0 (2007) [Research Book Chapter]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2007 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0079-6123(06)65022-X


Recent studies examining adaptation to unexpected changes in the mechanical environment highlight the use of position error in the adaptation process. However, force information is also available. In this chapter, we examine adaptation processes in three separate studies where the mechanical environment was changed intermittently. We compare the expected consequences of using position error and force information in the changes to motor commands following a change in the mechanical environment. In general, our results support the use of position error over force information and are consistent with current computational models of motor learning. However, in situations where the change in the mechanical environment eliminates position error the central nervous system does not necessarily respond as would be predicted by these models. We suggest that it is necessary to take into account the statistics of prior experience to account for our observations. Another deficiency in these models is the absence of a mechanism for modulating limb mechanical impedance during adaptation. We propose a relatively simple computational model based on reflex responses to perturbations which is capable of accounting for iterative changes in temporal patterns of muscle co-activation.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:motor learning, sensory adaptation
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Sports science and exercise
Research Field:Motor control
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the health sciences
UTAS Author:Hinder, MR (Associate Professor Mark Hinder)
ID Code:130078
Year Published:2007
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2019-01-09
Last Modified:2019-02-07

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