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Xylem ion loading and its implications for plant abiotic stress tolerance


Ishikawa, T and Cuin, TA and Bazihizina, N and Shabala, S, Xylem ion loading and its implications for plant abiotic stress tolerance, Advances in Botanical Research, 87 pp. 267-301. ISSN 0065-2296 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd

DOI: doi:10.1016/bs.abr.2018.09.006


Plant adaptive potential is critically dependent on efficient communication and coordination of resource allocation and signalling between above and below-ground plant parts. Control of xylem ion loading plays an important role in this process. This review focuses on the molecular identity, tissue-specific expression patterns, and transcriptional and post-translational regulation of transporters mediating xylem loading of Na+, K+, and Cl-in plants grown under abiotic stress conditions such as drought, salinity, and soil flooding. The data are discussed in the context of breeding crops for stress resilience, which remains one of the highest priorities for dealing with the global food security challenge. This resilience was present in wild ancestors, but has been lost during domestication of crop species and exacerbated by the selection for higher yielding cultivars over the last 100 years. Thus, progress in the field requires a major rethink of current paradigms in crop breeding and the targeting of previously unexplored genes and traits. We argue that control of xylem ion loading is one of these traits and represents an unexplored opportunity for genetic improvement of plant germplasms.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:xylem loading, salinity, chloride, sodium, potassium
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant biology
Research Field:Plant physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other plant production and plant primary products
Objective Field:Other plant production and plant primary products not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Ishikawa, T (Mr Tetsuya Ishikawa)
UTAS Author:Cuin, TA (Dr Tracey Cuin)
UTAS Author:Bazihizina, N (Dr Nadia Bazihizina)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:130061
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:5
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2019-01-08
Last Modified:2019-03-07

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