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Temporal changes in soil properties and physiological characteristics of Atriplex species and Medicago arborea grown in different soil types under saline irrigation

Citation

Panta, S and Flowers, T and Doyle, R and Lane, P and Haros, G and Shabala, S, Temporal changes in soil properties and physiological characteristics of Atriplex species and Medicago arborea grown in different soil types under saline irrigation, Plant and Soil, 432, (1-2) pp. 315-331. ISSN 0032-079X (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Springer Nature Switzerland AG

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11104-018-3793-4

Abstract

Background and aims: Salinity stress tolerance is a complex polygenic trait composed of numerous sub-traits that operate at very different timescales. This work elucidates the time-dependence and physiological mechanisms conferring differential salinity stress tolerance between Atriplex lntiformis (halophyte) and Medicago arborea (glycophyte) exposed to prolonged NaCl treatments grown in various soil types.

Methods: Plant (leaf sap Na+, K+ and Cl concentrations and osmolality, chlorophyll content, stomatal conductance) and soil characteristic (pH, soil and leachate electrical conductivity) were measured at monthly intervals for up to five months of salinity treatments and then correlated with each other.

Results and conclusions: The overall poor performance of salt-grown M. arborea (compared with A. lentiformis) was associated with several factors. This included: (i) its strong reliance on organic osmolytes (hence, associated carbon costs) for osmotic adjustment; (ii) poor K+ retention that compromised stomatal opening; (iii) its inability to prevent Na+ loading into the xylem; and (iv) its poor shoot tissue tolerance, most likely due to inability to provide efficient Na+ sequestration in vacuoles. Also, the salinity of sandy loam soil was only ∼50% of the salinity of irrigation water suggesting the possibility of long-term usage of saline irrigation in soils with low clay content.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:salinity stress, osmotic adjustment, soil texture, osmolytes, sodium, potassium, stomata, salinity, halophyte
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Plant Biology
Research Field:Plant Physiology
Objective Division:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Group:Other Plant Production and Plant Primary Products
Objective Field:Plant Production and Plant Primary Products not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Panta, S (Dr Suresh Panta)
UTAS Author:Doyle, R (Dr Richard Doyle)
UTAS Author:Lane, P (Associate Professor Peter Lane)
UTAS Author:Shabala, S (Professor Sergey Shabala)
ID Code:130059
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2019-01-08
Last Modified:2019-03-08
Downloads:0

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