eCite Digital Repository

Rethinking electricity sector reform in South Asia: balancing economic and environmental objectives


Sen, A and Nepal, R and Jamasb, T, Rethinking electricity sector reform in South Asia: balancing economic and environmental objectives, Routledge Handbook of Energy in Asia, Routledge, SC Bhattacharayya (ed), London, pp. 221-241. ISBN 9781138999824 (2017) [Research Book Chapter]

Official URL:


The OECD or ‘standard’ model of electricity sector reforms has been widely adopted in non-OECD Asian countries since the 1990s. However, despite two decades of attempts at reforms, no notable progress has been made towards the original objectives of reform. Whilst in OECD countries, reforms were implemented against excess capacity and stable institutions, in developing non-OECD Asian countries they were implemented against chronic electricity shortages, fiscal constraints, weak institutions, and complex political factors. In recent years the debate also focuses on the suitability of electricity market reforms originally designed around fossil fuels in delivering low carbon electricity systems. With electricity demand set to double over the next two decades, reforms in non-OECD Asian countries have important economic as well as environmental implications in terms of global energy use and emissions. This chapter assesses the application of the OECD model of electricity reform in Asia. We analyse the experience of three South Asian countries – India, Nepal and Bhutan, to illustrate the economic and environmental conflicts in electricity market reform against the context of cross-border regional electricity trade.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:electricity reform, efficiency, environment
Research Division:Economics
Research Group:Applied economics
Research Field:Industry economics and industrial organisation
Objective Division:Economic Framework
Objective Group:Microeconomics
Objective Field:Industrial organisations
UTAS Author:Nepal, R (Dr Rabindra Nepal)
ID Code:129931
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:TSBE
Deposited On:2018-12-21
Last Modified:2018-12-21

Repository Staff Only: item control page