Taylor, KL and Simpson Jr, S and Jelinek, GA and Neate, SL and De Livera, AM and Brown, CR and O'Kearney, E and Marck, CH and Weiland, TJ, Longitudinal associations of modifiable lifestyle factors with positive depression-screen over 2.5-years in an international cohort of people living with multiple sclerosis, Frontiers in Psychiatry, 9 Article 526. ISSN 1664-0640 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2018 Taylor, Simpson, Jelinek, Neate, De Livera, Brown, O'Kearney, Marck and Weiland. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/
Methods: Sample recruited using online platforms. 2,224 (88.9%) at baseline and 1,309 (93.4%) at 2.5 years follow up completed the necessary survey data. Depression risk was measured by the Patient Health Questionnaire-2 (PHQ-2) at baseline and Patient Health Questionniare-9 (PHQ-9) at 2.5-years follow-up. Multivariable regression models assessed the relationships between lifestyle factors and depression risk, adjusted for sex, age, fatigue, disability, antidepressant medication use, and baseline depression score, as appropriate.
Results: The prevalence of depression risk at 2.5-years follow-up in this cohort was 14.5% using the PHQ-2 and 21.7% using the PHQ-9. Moderate alcohol intake, being a non-smoker, diet quality, no meat or dairy intake, vitamin D supplementation, omega 3 supplement use, regular exercise, and meditation at baseline were associated with lower frequencies of positive depression-screen 2.5 years later. Moderate alcohol intake was associated with greater likelihood of becoming depression-free and a lower likelihood of becoming depressed at 2.5-years follow-up. Meditating at least once a week was associated with a decreased frequency of losing depression risk, against our expectation. After adjusting for potential confounders, smoking, diet, physical activity, and vitamin D and omega-3 supplementation were not associated with a change in risk for depression.
Conclusion: In a large prospective cohort study of people with MS and depression, in line with the emerging treatment paradigm of early intervention, these results suggest a role for some lifestyle factors in depression risk. Further studies should endeavor to explore the impact of positive lifestyle change and improving depression in people living with MS.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||multiple sclerosis, epidemiology, depression, lifestyle, longitudinal, cohort study (or longitudinal study)|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Objective Group:||Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)|
|Objective Field:||Nervous System and Disorders|
|UTAS Author:||Simpson Jr, S (Dr Steve Simpson JR)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||1|
|Deposited By:||Menzies Institute for Medical Research|
|Downloads:||50 View Download Statistics|
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