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Soil compaction effects on soil health and crop productivity: an overview

Citation

Shah, AN and Tanveer, M and Shahzad, B and Yang, G and Fahad, S and Ali, S and Bukhari, MA and Tung, SA and Hafeez, A and Souliyanonh, B, Soil compaction effects on soil health and crop productivity: an overview, Environmental Science and Pollution Research, 24, (11) pp. 10056-10067. ISSN 0944-1344 (2017) [Substantial Review]

Copyright Statement

Copyright Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2017

DOI: doi:10.1007/s11356-017-8421-y

Abstract

Soil compaction causes substantial reduction in agriculture productivity and has always been of great distress for farmers. Intensive agriculture seems to be more crucial in causing compaction. High mechanical load, less crop diversification, intensive grazing, and irrigation methods lead to soil compaction. It is further exasperated when these factors are accompanied with low organic matter, animal trampling, engine vibrations, and tillage at high moisture contents. Soil compaction increases soil bulk density and soil strength, while decreases porosity, aggregate stability index, soil hydraulic conductivity, and nutrient availability, thus reduces soil health. Consequently, it lowers crop performance via stunted aboveground growth coupled with reduced root growth. This paper reviews the potential causes of compaction and its consequences that have been published in last two decades. Various morphological and physiological alterations in plant as result of soil compaction have also been discussed in this review.

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:land degradation, soil compaction, soil health, soil harness, tillage, root growth, stomatal conductance
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Soil sciences
Research Field:Land capability and soil productivity
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the agricultural, food and veterinary sciences
UTAS Author:Tanveer, M (Mr Mohsin Tanveer)
ID Code:129778
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2018-12-18
Last Modified:2019-01-21
Downloads:0

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