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Employee Health and Wellbeing


Enshaei, H, Employee Health and Wellbeing, Managing Human Resources in the Shipping Industry, Routledge, J Fei (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 92-106. ISBN 9781138825390 (2018) [Research Book Chapter]

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Copyright 2018 The Author

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Health is perceived as the bodyís ability to function and the state of being free from illness or injury whereas wellbeing is the state of being comfortable, healthy, or happy. Huber et al. (2011) define health as a level of functional or metabolic efficiency for a living organism. For humans, it is the ability of individuals or communities to adapt and self-manage when facing physical, mental or social challenges. A similar definition is provided in its broader sense that "a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity" by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1948 (World Health Organization, 2006). This statement has been criticised for decades as being vague and not measurable. Therefore, the definition was revised to the extent to which an individual or group is able to realize aspirations and satisfy needs, and to change or cope with the environment. Health is a resource for everyday life, not the objective of living. "It is a positive concept, emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capacities" (World Health Organization, 1984). Mental, intellectual, emotional, and social health referred to a personís ability to handle stress, to acquire skills, to maintain relationships, all of which form resources for resiliency and independent living (AFMC, 2016) as shown in Figure 6.1. However, more recent definitions correlate health and personal satisfaction to address the different way people cope with disabilities and with the limits of their condition (Bellieni & Buonocore, 2009; Zenit, 2013).

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:seafarer, health and wellbeing, shipping
Research Division:Commerce, Management, Tourism and Services
Research Group:Transportation, logistics and supply chains
Research Field:Transportation, logistics and supply chains not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:International sea freight transport (excl. live animals, food products and liquefied gas)
UTAS Author:Enshaei, H (Dr Hossein Enshaei)
ID Code:129742
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Seafaring and Maritime Operations
Deposited On:2018-12-17
Last Modified:2019-02-26

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