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Internationalisation of Higher Education: understanding layers of policy context in Australia, Norway and the United States

Citation

Fischer, S, Internationalisation of Higher Education: understanding layers of policy context in Australia, Norway and the United States, Australian Association for Research in Education (AARE) Conference 2018, 2-6 December 2018, Sydney, Australia (2018) [Conference Extract]

Abstract

As the globalisation of economies and global mobility continue to expand and allow for the rapid exchange of commerce and ideas across political boundaries, internationalisation of education is becoming increasingly important. Around the world, nations are developing strategies, policies and programs to ensure that their higher education students are fully equipped to contribute to and participate in the global circulation of ideas and commerce.

Understanding the context and rationale for the internationalisation of higher education can help to inform policy and decision making processes surrounding internationalisation. This, however, is complex, given the variety of circumstances that affect how and why a higher education institution internationalises. Australia, Norway and the United States are all members of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), but each has different approaches and rationales for internationalising. In this study, policy documents from nested geopolitical layers are analysed to determine how rationales have changed and shifted not only over time, but also between political layers. The development of internationalisation policy and practices in different national contexts is compared using case studies focused on higher education institutions in Australia, Norway and the United States. In this qualitative study, a thematic analysis of policy documents at the international, national, state/county and institutional levels is used to determine rationale trends and impacts in the development of international education policies. Although the universities in this study are quite similar in terms of size, location and rankings, the results reveal dissimilar patterns for internationalisation at each institution. The comparative case study seeks to answer the overarching research question: Why are some universities able to internationalise comprehensively, or develop "a commitment, confirmed through action, to infuse international and comparative perspectives throughout the teaching, research, and service missions" (Hudzik 2011 p. 10), while others are not?

Item Details

Item Type:Conference Extract
Keywords:internationalization, higher education, policy analysis, comparative case study
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Policy and Administration
Research Field:Education Policy
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Education and Training Systems
Objective Field:Education and Training Systems Policies and Development
UTAS Author:Fischer, S (Mrs Sarah Fischer)
ID Code:129533
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Academic Quality and Schools Engagement
Deposited On:2018-12-04
Last Modified:2018-12-20
Downloads:0

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