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The differential effect of personality on computer-based treatment of agoraphobia


Harcourt, L and Kirkby, KC and Daniels, BA and Montgomery, IM, The differential effect of personality on computer-based treatment of agoraphobia, Comprehensive Psychiatry, 39, (5) pp. 303-307. ISSN 0010-440X (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1016/S0010-440X(98)90039-6


The differential effects of the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO PI-R) personality factors and intelligence on response to a computerized vicarious exposure treatment for agoraphobia were investigated. The Fear Questionnaire (FQ), the Agoraphobia Cognitions Questionnaire (ACQ), and the Body Sensations Questionnaire (BSQ) were used to assess agoraphobic symptomatology. Fourteen females and four males with agoraphobia diagnoses completed three 45-minute weekly treatment sessions. There was a significant decrease in scores on all three measures following treatment. Compared with published population norms, the agoraphobic subjects showed very high neuroticism, low extroversion, and high openness. Lower agreeableness factor scores predicted good treatment outcome. The NEO PI-R openness factor was negatively correlated with proficiency on the computer program; however, proficiency on the computer program did not correlate with symptom improvement. Overall, these results suggest that personality interacts with treatment at different stages of the therapeutic process.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Health Sciences
Research Group:Health services and systems
Research Field:Mental health services
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other health
Objective Field:Other health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Harcourt, L (Ms Leonie Harcourt)
UTAS Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
UTAS Author:Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)
UTAS Author:Montgomery, IM (Dr Iain Montgomery)
ID Code:12943
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:25
Deposited By:Psychiatry
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-05

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