Biggs, JB and Kember, D and Leung, DYP, The Revised Two Factor Study Process Questionnaire: R-SPQ-2F, British Journal of Educational Psychology, 71 pp. 133-149. ISSN 0007-0998 (2001) [Refereed Article]
© 2001 The British Psychological Society
Aim: To produce a revised two factor version of the Study Process Questionnaire (R-SPQ2F) suitable for use by teachers in evaluating the learning approaches of their students. The revised instrument assesses deep and surface approaches only, using fewer items.
Method: A set of 43 items were drawn up for the initial tests. These were derived from; the original version of the SPQ, modified items from the SPQ, and new items. A process of testing and refinement eventuated in deep and surface motive and strategy scales each with 5 items, 10 items per approach score. The final version was tested using reliability procedures and confirmatory factor analysis.
Sample: The sample for the testing and refinement process consisted of 229 students from the health sciences faculty of a university in Hong Kong. A fresh sample of 495 undergraduate students from a variety of departments of the same university was used for the test of the final version.
Results: The final version of the questionnaire had acceptable Cronbach alpha values for scale reliability. Confirmatory factor analysis indicated a good fit to the intended two factor structure. Both deep and surface approach scales had well identified motive and strategy subscales.
Conclusion: The revision process has resulted in a simple questionnaire which teachers can use to evaluate their own teaching and the learning approaches of their students.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Research Group:||Curriculum and Pedagogy|
|Research Field:||Curriculum and Pedagogy Theory and Development|
|Objective Division:||Education and Training|
|Objective Group:||Teaching and Instruction|
|UTAS Author:||Kember, D (Professor David Kember)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||785|
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