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Transition of eruptive style: pumice raft to dome-forming eruption at the Havre submarine volcano, southwest Pacific Ocean

Citation

Manga, M and Mitchell, SJ and Degruyter, W and Carey, RJ, Transition of eruptive style: pumice raft to dome-forming eruption at the Havre submarine volcano, southwest Pacific Ocean, Geology, 46, (12) pp. 1075-1078. ISSN 0091-7613 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Geological Society of America

DOI: doi:10.1130/G45436.1

Abstract

Transitions in eruptive style are common at volcanoes. Understanding how and why these transitions occur remain open questions. The 2012 eruption of the submarine Havre volcano in the Kermadec arc (southwest Pacific Ocean) produced a raft of floating pumice followed by a pair of domes from the same vent. Here, we used measurements on erupted magmas and constraints on the eruption rate, combined with a model for magma ascent, to identify the dominant controls on the transition in eruption style. During the raft-forming stage, magma ascent was fast enough that little gas was lost. Magma reached the seafloor with great enough vesicularity to be buoyant and produce clasts that could float. As the eruption waned, the eruption rate decreased, and the conduit narrowed. Sufficient gas was then lost to the surrounding country rocks during ascent such that the erupted magma was no longer buoyant relative to seawater. Most of the original dissolved water in the magma was lost to the crust surrounding the conduit during the dome-forming stage.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:submarine eruption, havre, dome, pumice
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Geology
Research Field:Volcanology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in the Earth Sciences
UTAS Author:Carey, RJ (Dr Rebecca Carey)
ID Code:129401
Year Published:2018
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (DE150101190)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:Earth Sciences
Deposited On:2018-11-28
Last Modified:2019-03-13
Downloads:0

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