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A pilot study of computer-aided vicarious exposure for obsessive-compulsive disorder

Citation

Clark, A and Kirkby, KC and Daniels, BA and Marks, IM, A pilot study of computer-aided vicarious exposure for obsessive-compulsive disorder, Australian and New Zealand Journal of Psychiatry, 32, (2) pp. 268-275. ISSN 0004-8674 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.3109/00048679809062738

Abstract

Objective: This study reports the use of an interactive computer program to instruct vicarious exposure and ritual prevention for obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD). Method: Thirteen OCD volunteers and 10 non-OCD volunteers completed three 45-minute sessions at weekly intervals. Subjects with OCD completed the Yale-Brown Obsessive-Compulsive Scale (Y-BOCS), the Padua Inventory (PI) and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI) 1 week prior to and 1 week after the three computer treatment sessions. Non-OCD subjects only completed these measures at baseline, allowing confirmation that they had no significant level of OCD symptomatology. Results: In the OCD subjects, scores fell significantly on the PI and BDI, and Y-BOCS scores fell non-significantly. Engagement in vicarious exposure with ritual prevention improved from sessions 1-3. Compared to the non-OCD participants, OCD subjects did less vicarious exposure in session 1 but not sessions 2 and 3. Performance of vicarious exposure by OCD subjects in session 1 correlated with pre-post improvement in PI and BDI scores. Conclusions: The vicarious exposure program may have a role to play as an adjunct in behaviour therapy.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Clinical Sciences
Research Field:Psychiatry (incl. Psychotherapy)
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Other Health
Objective Field:Health not elsewhere classified
Author:Clark, A (Mr Andrew Clark)
Author:Kirkby, KC (Professor Kenneth Kirkby)
Author:Daniels, BA (Dr Brett Daniels)
ID Code:12932
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:46
Deposited By:Psychiatry
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-09-22
Downloads:0

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