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Up to 399 mV bioelectricity generated by a rice paddy-planted microbial fuel cell assisted with a blue-green algal cathode

Citation

Srivastava, P and Gupta, S and Garaniya, V and Abbassi, R and Yadav, AK, Up to 399 mV bioelectricity generated by a rice paddy-planted microbial fuel cell assisted with a blue-green algal cathode, Environmental Chemistry Letters, 17, (2) pp. 1045-1051. ISSN 1610-3653 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

© Springer Nature Switzerland AG 2018

DOI: doi:10.1007/s10311-018-00824-2

Abstract

Microbial fuel cells are used as an alternative source of energy and for microbial degradation of waste and pollutants. Different types of microbial fuel cells include sediment microbial fuel cells, waste treatment microbial fuel cells, constructed wetland microbial fuel cells and plant microbial fuel cells. Plant microbial fuel cells use plant–microbe relationships for producing bioelectricity. For this cell, the development of efficient, low-cost cathode is a key challenge. Here, a plant microbial fuel cell using algal-assisted cathode was designed. This cell uses rhizodeposits of plants as carbon source in the anode chamber and photosynthesis of algae to generate the oxygen that acts as a terminal electron acceptor in the cathode chamber. Results show that a maximum power density of 29.78 mW/m3 and a current density of 610 mA/m3 were recorded from the polarization curve during the light phase. The maximum voltage recorded was 399 mV in the light phase and 390 mV in the dark phase. This is the first design of a rice paddy-planted microbial fuel cell assisted with a blue-green algal cathode, capable of operating in self-sustainable mode using entirely natural processes without any external input of organics or oxidant.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:plant microbial fuel cell, microbial fuel cell, cathode, algae, photosynthesis
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Environmental Engineering
Research Field:Environmental Technologies
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Preparation and Production of Energy Sources
Objective Field:Preparation and Production of Energy Sources not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Srivastava, P (Miss KM Pratiksha Srivastava)
UTAS Author:Garaniya, V (Dr Vikram Garaniya)
ID Code:129141
Year Published:2019 (online first 2018)
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2018-11-12
Last Modified:2019-11-27
Downloads:0

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