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Ocean acidification changes the structure of an Antarctic coastal protistan community

Citation

Hancock, AM and Davidson, AT and McKinlay, J and McMinn, A and Schulz, KG and van den Enden, RL, Ocean acidification changes the structure of an Antarctic coastal protistan community, Biogeosciences, 15, (8) pp. 2393-2410. ISSN 1726-4170 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

© 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported (CC BY 3.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/3.0/

DOI: doi:10.5194/bg-15-2393-2018

Abstract

Antarctic near-shore waters are amongst the most sensitive in the world to ocean acidification. Microbes occupying these waters are critical drivers of ecosystem productivity, elemental cycling and ocean biogeochemistry, yet little is known about their sensitivity to ocean acidification. A six-level, dose–response experiment was conducted using 650L incubation tanks (minicosms) adjusted to a gradient in fugacity of carbon dioxide (fCO2) from 343 to 1641µatm. The six minicosms were filled with near-shore water from Prydz Bay, East Antarctica, and the protistan composition and abundance was determined by microscopy during 18 days of incubation. No CO2-related change in the protistan community composition was observed during the initial 8 day acclimation period under low light. Thereafter, the response of both autotrophic and heterotrophic protists to fCO2 was species-specific. The response of diatoms was mainly cell size related; microplanktonic diatoms ( > 20µm) increased in abundance with low to moderate fCO2 (343–634µatm) but decreased at fCO2  ≥ 953µatm. Similarly, the abundance of Phaeocystis antarctica increased with increasing fCO2 peaking at 634µatm. Above this threshold the abundance of micro-sized diatoms and P. antarctica fell dramatically, and nanoplanktonic diatoms ( ≤ 20µm) dominated, therefore culminating in a significant change in the protistan community composition. Comparisons of these results with previous experiments conducted at this site show that the fCO2 thresholds are similar, despite seasonal and interannual differences in the physical and biotic environment. This suggests that near-shore microbial communities are likely to change significantly near the end of this century if anthropogenic CO2 release continues unabated, with profound ramifications for near-shore Antarctic ecosystem food webs and biogeochemical cycling.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ocean acidification, protist, microbes, phytoplankton, ecology, community
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Ecology
Research Field:Marine and Estuarine Ecology (incl. Marine Ichthyology)
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Climate and Climate Change
Objective Field:Effects of Climate Change and Variability on Antarctic and Sub-Antarctic Environments (excl. Social Impacts)
UTAS Author:Hancock, AM (Miss Alyce Hancock)
UTAS Author:Davidson, AT (Dr Andrew Davidson)
UTAS Author:McMinn, A (Professor Andrew McMinn)
ID Code:129023
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:CRC-Antarctic Climate & Ecosystems
Deposited On:2018-11-02
Last Modified:2019-03-14
Downloads:26 View Download Statistics

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