eCite Digital Repository

From student to citizen: A survey of students from the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Australia


Gao, MCF and Liu, X, From student to citizen: A survey of students from the People's Republic of China (PRC) in Australia, International Migration, 36, (1) pp. 27-48. ISSN 0020-7985 (1998) [Refereed Article]

DOI: doi:10.1111/1468-2435.00032


This article is a survey of students from the People's Republic of China (PRC) who arrived in Australia after 1986 and were still there in 1992. Students from the PRC began to enter Australia in 1972 when China and Australia established diplomatic relations. The numbers were insignificant until 1986 when Australia launched its education export policy. The article provides statistics and analysis on the motivation of these students, their education and family backgrounds and their present conditions and aspirations. The article also addresses issues such as Australia's education export and immigration policies, the dilemma between political and economic refugees in terms of human rights and the impact of the 1989 Tiananmen Square massacre on PRC students in Australia at the time. The survey results suggest that the majority of the former PRC students have settled successfully in Australia, though not without considerable difficulties and emotional cost. The question of distinction between political and economic refugees is acknowledged as a very thorny one, and it is suggested that immigration policy based on national interest, and clearly stated, would be more convincing, less hypocritical and therefore in the long run more effective.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Research Division:Indigenous Studies
Research Group:Other Indigenous studies
Research Field:Other Indigenous studies not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in human society
UTAS Author:Gao, MCF (Associate Professor Mobo Gao)
ID Code:12872
Year Published:1998
Web of Science® Times Cited:20
Deposited By:Asian Languages and Studies
Deposited On:1998-08-01
Last Modified:2011-08-15

Repository Staff Only: item control page