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Marine vessel wave wake: transient effects when accelerating or decelerating


MacFarlane, GJ and Graham-Parker, KJ, Marine vessel wave wake: transient effects when accelerating or decelerating, Journal of Waterway, Port, Coastal, and Ocean Engineering, 145, (1) Article 04018027. ISSN 0733-950X (2019) [Refereed Article]

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Copyright 2018 ASCE

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DOI: doi:10.1061/(ASCE)WW.1943-5460.0000478


It is well known that the waves generated by marine vessels, often referred to as wave wake or wash, can cause many issues when operating in sheltered waterways, including, but not limited to, erosion of shorelines and damage to maritime structures, and present a danger to other waterway users. Much research has been undertaken to understand the characteristics of these waves and their effects better, especially for high-speed vessels that operate in shallow water where particularly large and energetic waves are generated. However, in general, all previous studies have considered only steady-state conditions in which vessel speed remains constant; however, many vessel operations, particularly those of commuter ferries, in which regular passages through the transcritical zone to supercritical speeds (in terms of depth Froude number) are required. The present study describes a novel series of model-scale experiments used to quantify the waves during both acceleration and deceleration phases. Notable transient effects were found to occur during the acceleration phase that significantly increased both the height and period of the maximum wave compared to height and period of the maximum wave occurring at the corresponding steady-state speed. The wave characteristics at constant speed were used when assessing whether a particular vessel met wash criteria, and such criteria were likely significantly exceeded when a vessel accelerated to a supercritical speed, which could lead to the occurrence of wave wake issues. In an interesting finding, the study also found no such increase in wave characteristics when the same vessel decelerated back through the transcritical speed zone.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:wave wake, wash, depth Froude number, acceleration, deceleration, ferry operations, variable Froude number, experiments
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Maritime engineering
Research Field:Ship and platform structures (incl. maritime hydrodynamics)
Objective Division:Transport
Objective Group:Water transport
Objective Field:Domestic passenger water transport (e.g. ferries)
UTAS Author:MacFarlane, GJ (Associate Professor Gregor MacFarlane)
UTAS Author:Graham-Parker, KJ (Mr Keegan Graham-Parker)
ID Code:128689
Year Published:2019
Funding Support:Australian Research Council (LP150100502)
Web of Science® Times Cited:2
Deposited By:NC Maritime Engineering and Hydrodynamics
Deposited On:2018-10-06
Last Modified:2021-07-26
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