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Masculinity might be more toxic than we think: the influence of gender roles on trait emotional manipulation


Grieve, R and March, E and Van Doorn, G, Masculinity might be more toxic than we think: the influence of gender roles on trait emotional manipulation, Personality and Individual Differences, 138 pp. 157-162. ISSN 0191-8869 (2019) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.paid.2018.09.042


Previous research has established sex differences in emotional manipulation; specifically, men are more likely than women to engage in emotional manipulation. This study aimed to explicate these sex differences by investigating, for the first time, the influence of gender roles in the prediction of trait emotional manipulation. Participants were 435 females and 139 males (N = 574) who reported their levels of masculine and feminine gender roles, as well as primary and secondary psychopathy, trait emotional intelligence, and trait emotional manipulation. Separate regressions were conducted for each sex. As predicted, for both males and females, masculine gender roles positively predicted emotional manipulation. For males, no other predictors were significant, however there was evidence of statistical suppression for feminine gender roles. For females, low female gender roles, high primary and secondary psychopathy, and high emotional intelligence all significantly predicted emotional manipulation; the effect of emotional intelligence was via statistical suppression. This study represents an important first step in understanding the interplay between socialisation and emotional manipulation. Future research would benefit from using a longitudinal approach to determine whether emotional manipulation can be reduced through shifting gender roles.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:emotional manipulation; gender roles, psychopathy, Machiavellianism, emotional intelligence
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Social and personality psychology
Research Field:Personality and individual differences
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in psychology
UTAS Author:Grieve, R (Dr Rachel Grieve)
ID Code:128573
Year Published:2019 (online first 2018)
Web of Science® Times Cited:7
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-10-01
Last Modified:2020-08-07

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