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Patient-reported outcomes are worse for progressive-onset multiple sclerosis than relapse-onset multiple sclerosis, particularly early in the disease process

Citation

Zhang, Y and Taylor, BV and Simpson Jr, S and Blizzard, L and van der Mei, I, Patient-reported outcomes are worse for progressive-onset multiple sclerosis than relapse-onset multiple sclerosis, particularly early in the disease process, European Journal of Neurology, 26, (1) pp. 155-161. ISSN 1351-5101 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 EAN

DOI: doi:10.1111/ene.13786

Abstract

Background and Purpose: Treatments for progressive-onset multiple sclerosis (MS) are lacking. To improve the disease management for progressive-onset MS, the differences between relapse-onset MS and progressive-onset MS in patient-reported disability, progression and symptoms were examined.

Methods: A total of 1985 participants of the Australian Multiple Sclerosis Longitudinal Study were included. Associations between onset type and outcomes were assessed with negative binomial regression.

Results: The severity of 17 of the 19 outcomes was significantly higher for progressive-onset MS patients than relapse-onset MS patients, including perspectives from disability, progression over the last year, fatigue, sensory, walking difficulties, pain, balance, spasticity, sexual dysfunction, bladder, bowel, anxiety, depression and the European quality of life (EQ-5D) (P < 0.05; adjusted mean ratio ranged from 1.11 to 1.52). The differences between the two onset types were most pronounced early in the disease process and reduced with increasing MS duration, and the interaction was significant for disability, progression over the last year, walking difficulties, bladder problems, bowel problems and spasticity.

Conclusion: Participants with progressive-onset MS were significantly worse off on nearly all patient-reported outcomes than relapse-onset MS participants, and the differences were most pronounced early in the disease course, highlighting the importance of early intervention for those with progressive-onset MS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:disability, onset type, patient-reported outcome, phenotype, PPMS, progressive- onset, relapse-onset, symptoms
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central Nervous System
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Nervous System and Disorders
UTAS Author:Zhang, Y (Mr Ben Zhang)
UTAS Author:Taylor, BV (Professor Bruce Taylor)
UTAS Author:Simpson Jr, S (Dr Steve Simpson JR)
UTAS Author:Blizzard, L (Professor Leigh Blizzard)
UTAS Author:van der Mei, I (Associate Professor Ingrid van der Mei)
ID Code:128526
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2018-09-27
Last Modified:2019-04-29
Downloads:0

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