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Bowman, JP, Muricauda, Bergey's Manual of Systematics of Archaea and Bacteria, John Wiley & Sons, Inc and Bergey's Manual Trust, WB Whitman et al (ed), United Kingdom, pp. 1-12. ISBN 9781118960608 (2018) [Revised Book Chapter]

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DOI: doi:10.1002/9781118960608.gbm00327.pub2


Mu.ri.cau'da. L. masc. n. mus, muris mouse; L. fem. n. cauda tail; N.L. fem. n. Muricauda tail of the mouse, referring to the cellular appendages observed on some cells.

Bacteroidetes / Flavobacteriia / Flavobacteriales / Flavobacteriaceae / Muricauda

Gram‐negative, aerobic or facultatively anaerobic, rods. Cells of older cultures are characterized by long and relatively thick (20-30 nm) appendages of variable length that end in a spherical vesicle (100-400 nm wide) that may be covered by fibrillar material. Reproduce by normal cell division. Cells occur singly or in aggregates linked together by appendage structure. Nonmotile. Do not form spores. Form yellow to orange carotenoid pigments and do not form flexirubin pigments. Chemoheterotrophic. Oxidase and catalase positive. Capable of growth on a range of carbohydrates and some amino acids and organic acids. Mainly mesophilic and neutrophilic. Halophilic requiring either Na+ ions or sea salts for growth. The major fatty acids are C15:0, iso‐C15:0, iso-C15:1, iso‐C15:0 3-OH, iso‐C16:0 3-OH, iso‐C17:0 3-OH, and summed feature 3 (C16:1 ω7c and/or iso-C15:0 2‐OH). The major quinone is MK‐6. Members of the phylum Bacteroidetes, class Flavobacteriia, order Flavobacteriales, family Flavobacteriaceae. Known habitats are marine and saline environments including seawater and sediment.

DNA G + C content (mol%): 39.9-50.7 (HPLC or genome).

Type species: Muricauda ruestringensis Bruns, Rohde and Berthe‐Corti 2001, 2005VP.

Item Details

Item Type:Revised Book Chapter
Keywords:Methylococcales methane bacteria taxonomy
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Microbiology
Research Field:Microbial ecology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the environmental sciences
UTAS Author:Bowman, JP (Associate Professor John Bowman)
ID Code:128461
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:TIA - Research Institute
Deposited On:2018-09-24
Last Modified:2019-04-16

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