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Heatwave and health impact research: a global review

Citation

Campbell, S and Remenyi, TA and White, CJ and Johnston, FH, Heatwave and health impact research: a global review, Health and Place, 53 pp. 210-218. ISSN 1353-8292 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright 2018 the authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.healthplace.2018.08.017

Abstract

Background: Observed increases in the frequency and intensity of heatwave events, together with the projected acceleration of these events worldwide, has led to a rapid expansion in research on the health impacts of extreme heat.

Objective: To examine how research on heatwaves and their health-related impact is distributed globally.

Methods: A systematic review was undertaken. Four online databases were searched for articles examining links between specific historical heatwave events and their impact on mortality or morbidity. The locations of these events were mapped at a global scale, and compared to other known characteristics that influence heat-related illness and death.

Results: When examining the location of heatwave and health impact research worldwide, studies were concentrated on mid-latitude, high-income countries of low- to medium-population density. Regions projected to experience the most extreme heatwaves in the future were not represented. Furthermore, the majority of studies examined mortality as a key indicator of population-wide impact, rather than the more sensitive indicator of morbidity.

Conclusion: While global heatwave and health impact research is prolific in some regions, the global population most at risk of death and illness from extreme heat is under-represented. Heatwave and health impact research is needed in regions where this impact is expected to be most severe.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:heatwave, extreme heat, mortality, morbidity, population health
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Environmental and Occupational Health and Safety
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Environmental Health
Author:Campbell, S (Ms Sharon Campbell)
Author:Remenyi, TA (Dr Tom Remenyi)
Author:White, CJ (Dr Chris White)
Author:Johnston, FH (Associate Professor Fay Johnston)
ID Code:128347
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2018-09-14
Last Modified:2018-10-15
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