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Patient-perceived access to care is a driver of increased emergency department presentations by the elderly

Citation

Morley, C and Peterson, G and Stankovich, J and Kinsman, L, Patient-perceived access to care is a driver of increased emergency department presentations by the elderly, 6th Annual Worldwide Nursing Conference (WNC2018), Singapore, pp. 51-58. ISSN 2315-4330 (2018) [Refereed Conference Paper]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 GSTF

DOI: doi:10.5176/2315-4330_WNC18.45

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Emergency department crowding is one of the biggest issues facing healthcare sustems worldwide. Increased presentation by the elderly have been identified as a potential contributing factor. Patient-perceived access to care has been suggested as one explanation for increased elderly presentations. A group of conditions collectively called Potentially Preventable Hospitalisations (PPHs) are a commonly used measure of patient-perceived access to primary care services.

AIM: To investigate the hypothesis that patient-perceived access to care, as measured by PPHs, is a factor leading to increased emergency department presentations and subsequent hospitalisations of elderly patients.

METHOD: Six years of inpatient data, from one Australian hospital, were coded to identify PPHs. The data were further divided to identify (i) admissions by those aged ≥75 years and (ii) admissions by patients aged ≥75 years with a length of stay ≤2 days (short-stay). Descriptive statistics were used to compare changes in rates of admissions for PPHs versus non-PPHs.

RESULTS: PPHs accounted for 7.4% of all admissions and increased by 21% over 6 years, whereas non-PPHs increased by only 1.7%. Twenty-five percent of PPHs were by patients aged ≥ 75 years. PPHs related to chronic disease increased at the greatest rate (16%) for this patient demographic. Short-stay admissions for PPHs accounted for 51% of all PPHs in patients aged ≥75 years, and increased by 70% over six years. Congestive cardiac failure (CCF) was the most common associated condition, accounting for 21% of all short-stay PPHs in the elderly.

CONCLUSION: Our analysis suggests that patient-perceived access to care, as measured by PPHs, is a driver of increased emergency department presentations and subsequent hospital admissions of patients aged ≥75 years. Short-stay admissions for chronic conditions are the biggest contributor. Understanding elderly patients' perceptions of access to chronic care management outside of the hospital setting may provide insights into how best to improve access to required services, and thereby reduce the need for expensive, short-term, acute care management of chronic conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Conference Paper
Keywords:crowding, access to care, elderly presentations, decision making, chronic care
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Research Field:Respiratory Diseases
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Objective Field:Respiratory System and Diseases (incl. Asthma)
UTAS Author:Morley, C (Mrs Claire Morley)
UTAS Author:Peterson, G (Professor Gregory Peterson)
UTAS Author:Stankovich, J (Dr Jim Stankovich)
UTAS Author:Kinsman, L (Professor Leigh Kinsman)
ID Code:128283
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2018-09-12
Last Modified:2019-03-05
Downloads:0

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