Implementing Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management: lessons from Chile's experience
Porobic, J and Fulton, EA and Frusher, S and Parada, C and Haward, M and Ernst, B and Stram, D, Implementing Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management: lessons from Chile's experience, Marine Policy, 97 pp. 82-90. ISSN 0308-597X (2018) [Refereed Article]
The Ecosystem-based Fisheries Management (EBFM) paradigm has been incorporated in the new Chilean
Act, requiring Chile to transition into
EBFM. Chile is a major
fishing nation and has substantial industrial
and artisanal eets that provide signi cant social and economic bene ts to Chile and its coastal
fl fi fi communities.
With Chile facing global challenges, such as food
security and climate change, transitioning to EBFM is
seen as a mechanism for improved management of Chile's marine resources. Using
Chile as an example to review
coherence, strategies and implication of policies
for transitioning toward EBFM. In Chile, the implementation of
EBFM, in general, appears
be making progress and should be able
be applied for all fisheries (and aquaculture).
Despite positive outcomes, there are weaknesses that can harm the successful implementation of EBFM.
Changes such as management councils and scientific committees structured around ecosystems rather than
single species, the engagement of broader types of stakeholders, and the
use of appropriate reference points are
necessary for a strong implementation of EBFM. Incorporating these modifications under the current management
framework would enable Chile to improve its implementation of EBFM and prepare its fisheries to address
future management challenges under scenarios of change.