eCite Digital Repository

Lifestyle factors and multiple sclerosis: a population-based incident case-control study


Abdollahpour, I and Nedjat, S and Mansournia, MA and Sahraian, MA and van der Mei, I, Lifestyle factors and multiple sclerosis: a population-based incident case-control study, Multiple Sclerosis and Related Disorders, 22 pp. 128-133. ISSN 2211-0348 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Published by Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.msard.2018.03.022


Objective: Although low sun exposure, low vitamin D, and smoking are established risk factor of multiple sclerosis (MS), there is less evidence on the role of the other lifestyle factors. We examined the association of sun exposure, physical activity, drug abuse, and alcohol intake with MS.

Materials and Methods: This was population-based incident case-control study in Iran with 547 incident cases and 1057 general population controls (7/8/2013-17/2/2015). Logistic regression was used to analyse the data.

Results: Higher sun exposure during adolescence was associated with a reduced risk of MS, both in summer (test for trend p < 0.001) and winter (P < 0.001), while physical activity was not associated with MS (test for trend p = 0.712). Lifetime drug abuse (OR for ever use 2.93 (1.83-4.70)), with a dose-response association (test for trend p < 0.001), and alcohol intake (OR for ever use 1.49 (1.05-2.12)) was significantly associated with an increased risk of MS.

Conclusion: In a middle-eastern setting, we found that sun exposure during adolescence, drug abuse, and alcohol use were all associated with MS. Increasing sun exposure and reducing drug abuse and the use of alcohol through educational programs is likely to reduce the rate of MS.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:alcohol, case-control, drug abuse, lifestyle factors, multiple sclerosis, physical activity, sun exposure
Research Division:Biomedical and Clinical Sciences
Research Group:Neurosciences
Research Field:Central nervous system
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Clinical health
Objective Field:Clinical health not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:van der Mei, I (Professor Ingrid van der Mei)
ID Code:127922
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:17
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2018-08-22
Last Modified:2022-08-23

Repository Staff Only: item control page