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Pollution pathways of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment on the island of Mallorca, Spain


Rodriguez-Navas, C and Bjorklund, E and Bak, SA and Hansen, M and Krogh, KA and Maya, F and Forteza, R and Cerda, V, Pollution pathways of pharmaceutical residues in the aquatic environment on the island of Mallorca, Spain, Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology, 65, (1) pp. 56-66. ISSN 0090-4341 (2013) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2013 Springer Science+Business Media New York

DOI: doi:10.1007/s00244-013-9880-x


This work determines the principal environmental pollution pathways of pharmaceuticals on the island of Mallorca (Spain). The evaluation was made on the basis of the quantification of pharmaceutical residues by liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry in several environmental water samples, including wastewater-treatment plant effluents, municipal solid waste landfill leachates, groundwater (GW), and marine water. An overall set of 19 pharmaceuticals has been identified in the environment of the 27 human pharmaceuticals investigated in this study. WWTP effluents are the main source of discharge of the pharmaceuticals into the aquatic environment. The data indicate that reuse of treated domestic wastewater for irrigation (which supplies some 30 % of the total water demand in Mallorca) contributes to the contamination of GW. In addition, leaching from landfills is identified as another, but minor, possible source of introduction of pharmaceuticals to GW aquifers. Finally, WWTP effluents ending in the Mediterranean Sea, primarily highly urbanized coastal areas, cause pharmaceutical residues to occur in marine water bodies.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:chromatography, emerging pollutants
Research Division:Chemical Sciences
Research Group:Analytical chemistry
Research Field:Separation science
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the chemical sciences
UTAS Author:Maya, F (Mr Fernando Maya Alejandro)
ID Code:127855
Year Published:2013
Web of Science® Times Cited:44
Deposited By:Chemistry
Deposited On:2018-08-19
Last Modified:2018-09-10

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