Treeby, MS and Rice, SM and Cocker, F and Peacock, A and Bruno, R, Guilt-proneness is associated with the use of protective behavioral strategies during episodes of alcohol use, Addictive Behaviors, 79 pp. 120-123. ISSN 0306-4603 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Copyright 2017 Elsevier Ltd.
Introduction: Shame and guilt are closely related emotions with diverging implications for the development, and potential treatment, of substance use disorders. Accumulating research indicates that a guilt-prone affect style buffers individuals against the development of problematic alcohol use, while shame-proneness appears to offer no protective function. However, little is known about the manner in which guilt-prone individuals avoid the experience of alcohol use-related harms. The present study aimed to extend the shame, guilt, and substance use literature by examining whether these two self-conscious affect styles are differentially related to the use of protective behavioral strategies which reduce the risk of harms during drinking episodes.
Methods: Participants (N = 281; female n = 207) completed pen-and-paper measures of shame and guilt-proneness, level of alcohol use, and the habitual use of protective behavioral strategies during drinking episodes. Part-correlation analysis isolated shame-free guilt and guilt-free shame residuals in exploring relationships between self-conscious affect style and the use of protective behavioral strategies during drinking episodes.
Results: Guilt-proneness was consistently associated with the routine use of protective behavioral strategies during episodes of alcohol intake. In contrast, shame-proneness was unrelated to the use of such protective and harm avoidance strategies when drinking.
Conclusion: Findings provide additional support for the argument that guilt and shame need to be considered separately in both research and substance use treatment settings.
|Item Type:||Refereed Article|
|Keywords:||guilt, shame, alcohol, affect, harm, alcohol use disorder|
|Research Division:||Medical and Health Sciences|
|Research Group:||Public Health and Health Services|
|Research Field:||Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified|
|Objective Group:||Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)|
|Objective Field:||Substance Abuse|
|UTAS Author:||Treeby, MS (Mr Matt Treeby)|
|UTAS Author:||Cocker, F (Dr Fiona Cocker)|
|UTAS Author:||Peacock, A (Miss Amy Peacock)|
|UTAS Author:||Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)|
|Web of Science® Times Cited:||3|
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