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Guilt-proneness is associated with the use of protective behavioral strategies during episodes of alcohol use

Citation

Treeby, MS and Rice, SM and Cocker, F and Peacock, A and Bruno, R, Guilt-proneness is associated with the use of protective behavioral strategies during episodes of alcohol use, Addictive Behaviors, 79 pp. 120-123. ISSN 0306-4603 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 Elsevier Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.addbeh.2017.12.027

Abstract

Introduction: Shame and guilt are closely related emotions with diverging implications for the development, and potential treatment, of substance use disorders. Accumulating research indicates that a guilt-prone affect style buffers individuals against the development of problematic alcohol use, while shame-proneness appears to offer no protective function. However, little is known about the manner in which guilt-prone individuals avoid the experience of alcohol use-related harms. The present study aimed to extend the shame, guilt, and substance use literature by examining whether these two self-conscious affect styles are differentially related to the use of protective behavioral strategies which reduce the risk of harms during drinking episodes.

Methods: Participants (N = 281; female n = 207) completed pen-and-paper measures of shame and guilt-proneness, level of alcohol use, and the habitual use of protective behavioral strategies during drinking episodes. Part-correlation analysis isolated shame-free guilt and guilt-free shame residuals in exploring relationships between self-conscious affect style and the use of protective behavioral strategies during drinking episodes.

Results: Guilt-proneness was consistently associated with the routine use of protective behavioral strategies during episodes of alcohol intake. In contrast, shame-proneness was unrelated to the use of such protective and harm avoidance strategies when drinking.

Conclusion: Findings provide additional support for the argument that guilt and shame need to be considered separately in both research and substance use treatment settings.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:guilt, shame, alcohol, affect, harm, alcohol use disorder
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Public Health and Health Services not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Substance Abuse
UTAS Author:Treeby, MS (Mr Matt Treeby)
UTAS Author:Cocker, F (Dr Fiona Cocker)
UTAS Author:Peacock, A (Miss Amy Peacock)
UTAS Author:Bruno, R (Associate Professor Raimondo Bruno)
ID Code:127784
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:3
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-08-15
Last Modified:2019-04-15
Downloads:0

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