The impact of dry port operations on container seaports competitiveness
Jeevan, J and Chen, S-L and Cahoon, S, The impact of dry port operations on container seaports competitiveness, Maritime Policy and Management, 46, (1) pp. 4-23. ISSN 0308-8839 (2018) [Refereed Article]
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The concepts of intermodal logistics and distribution networks have made integration of the inland freight distribution system essential for an efficient container seaport system. Inland components, such as dry ports, which exist within the seaport system, have become important in shaping the performance and competitive strategies of container seaports. Owing to the importance of interdependence between dry ports and container seaports, this paper aims to investigate the impact of dry port operations on container seaport competitiveness. It conducted an empirical study in Malaysia through 120 online surveys to key stakeholders of dry ports, including freight forwarders, shippers, seaports, rail operator, shipping lines, and haulers. The data collected were analysed using exploratory factor analysis (EFA). The results from EFA show that Malaysian dry port operations have impacts on seaport competitiveness. These include enhancing seaport performance, increasing service variations for seaports, improving seaport-hinterland proximity, increasing seaport trade volume, and enhancing seaport capacity.
dry ports, Malaysia, container seaports, competitiveness, exploratory factor analysis