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Heat transfer and entropy generation of natural convection on non-Newtonian nanofluids in a porous cavity


Kefayati, GHR, Heat transfer and entropy generation of natural convection on non-Newtonian nanofluids in a porous cavity, Powder Technology, 299 pp. 127-149. ISSN 0032-5910 (2016) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2016 Elsevier B.V.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.powtec.2016.05.032


In this paper, heat transfer and entropy generation on laminar natural convection of non-Newtonian nanofluids in a porous square cavity have been analyzed by Finite Difference Lattice Boltzmann Method (FDLBM). The porous cavity is filled with water and nanoparticles of copper (Cu) while the mixture shows shear-thinning behavior. This study has been conducted for the certain pertinent parameters of Rayleigh number (Ra = 104105), Darcy number (Da = 0.001, 0.01, and 0.1), and power-law index (n = 0.61), and the volume fraction has been studied from φ = 0 to 0.04. Results indicate that heat transfer and different irreversibilities enhance as Rayleigh number increases. The enhancement of the volume fraction augments heat transfer and the entropy generations due to heat transfer and fluid friction. The drop of the Darcy number causes the heat transfer and different entropy generations to decline considerably. Interestingly, the behavior of heat transfer and the studied entropy generations against the alteration of the power-law index is different in various Darcy numbers. In addition, the Bejan number demonstrates that the proportion of the irreversibilities due to heat transfer and fluid friction changes with the variation of the scrutinized parameters.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Natural convection, FDLBM, Non-Newtonian Nanofluids, Porous cavity, Entropy generation
Research Division:Engineering
Research Group:Fluid mechanics and thermal engineering
Research Field:Experimental methods in fluid flow, heat and mass transfer
Objective Division:Energy
Objective Group:Energy transformation
Objective Field:Energy transformation not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Kefayati, GHR (Dr Gholamreza Kefayati)
ID Code:127666
Year Published:2016
Web of Science® Times Cited:128
Deposited By:Engineering
Deposited On:2018-08-08
Last Modified:2018-09-11

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