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The importance of incorporating functional habitats into conservation planning for highly mobile species in dynamic systems

Citation

Webb, MH and Terauds, A and Tulloch, A and Bell, PJ and Stojanovic, D and Heinsohn, R, The importance of incorporating functional habitats into conservation planning for highly mobile species in dynamic systems, Conservation Biology, 31, (5) pp. 1018-1028. ISSN 0888-8892 (2017) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

opyright 2017 Society for Conservation Biology

DOI: doi:10.1111/cobi.12899

Abstract

The distribution of mobile species in dynamic systems can vary greatly over time and space. Estimating their population size and geographic range can be problematic and affect the accuracy of conservation assessments. Scarce data on mobile species and the resources they need can also limit the type of analytical approaches available to derive such estimates. We quantified change in availability and use of key ecological resources required for breeding for a critically endangered nomadic habitat specialist, the Swift Parrot (Lathamus discolor). We compared estimates of occupied habitat derived from dynamic presence-background (i.e., presence-only data) climatic models with estimates derived from dynamic occupancy models that included a direct measure of food availability. We then compared estimates that incorporate fine-resolution spatial data on the availability of key ecological resources (i.e., functional habitats) with more common approaches that focus on broader climatic suitability or vegetation cover (due to the absence of fine-resolution data). The occupancy models produced significantly (P < 0.001) smaller (up to an order of magnitude) and more spatially discrete estimates of the total occupied area than climate-based models. The spatial location and extent of the total area occupied with the occupancy models was highly variable between years (131 and 1498 km2). Estimates accounting for the area of functional habitats were significantly smaller (258% [SD 16]) than estimates based only on the total area occupied. An increase or decrease in the area of one functional habitat (foraging or nesting) did not necessarily correspond to an increase or decrease in the other. Thus, an increase in the extent of occupied area may not equate to improved habitat quality or function. We argue these patterns are typical for mobile resource specialists but often go unnoticed because of limited data over relevant spatial and temporal scales and lack of spatial data on the availability of key resources. Understanding changes in the relative availability of functional habitats is crucial to informing conservation planning and accurately assessing extinction risk for mobile resource specialists.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:dynamic resource availability, habitat specialist, Lathamus discolor, migration, rich patch exploiter, species-distribution modeling, threatened species
Research Division:Environmental Sciences
Research Group:Environmental Science and Management
Research Field:Conservation and Biodiversity
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
Objective Field:Forest and Woodlands Flora, Fauna and Biodiversity
UTAS Author:Bell, PJ (Dr Phillip Bell)
ID Code:127571
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2018-08-03
Last Modified:2018-09-24
Downloads:0

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