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Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations


Ban, NC and Adams, VM and Almany, GR and Ban, S and Cinner, JE and McCook, LJ and Mills, M and Pressey, RL and White, A, Designing, implementing and managing marine protected areas: emerging trends and opportunities for coral reef nations, Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 408, (1-2) pp. 21-31. ISSN 0022-0981 (2011) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Crown Copyright © 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

DOI: doi:10.1016/j.jembe.2011.07.023


Coral reefs are in dire need of effective governance, yet the science and planning of coral reef protected areas largely stem from wealthy, developed nations, with very different social, economic, and cultural characteristics than the nations in which most coral reefs occur. Much has been written about coral reefs and the use of marine protected areas (MPAs) as a management tool, but emerging trends and recommendations have not been adequately synthesized for the context of developing nations. We found that 60% of studies on MPA design and planning are from North America, Australia, Europe and the Mediterranean. As a result, many recommendations about how best to design, implement and manage coral reef protected areas may need to be adapted to address the needs of other nations. Based on the literature and our experiences, we review three emerging trends in MPA design and management, and relate these to the context of coral reef developing nations. First, MPA design is evolving to merge community (usually bottomup) and regional (usually top-down) planning approaches. Second, the increasing recognition that social and ecological systems are tightly coupled is leading to planning and management of MPAs that better incorporate the human dimensions of reef systems and their linkages with reef ecology. Finally, there has been a trend toward adaptive management of MPAs and the emergence of related ideas about adaptive planning. These three trends provide crucial and much needed opportunities for improving MPAs and their effectiveness in coral reef nations.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:adaptive management, coral reefs, marine protected areas, marine reserves, social–ecological systems, systematic conservation planning
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Environment policy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Adams, VM (Associate Professor Vanessa Adams)
ID Code:127217
Year Published:2011
Web of Science® Times Cited:81
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2018-07-18
Last Modified:2018-08-08

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