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Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning


Gurney, GG and Pressey, RL and Ban, NC and Alvarez-Romero, JG and Jupiter, S and Adams, VM, Efficient and equitable design of marine protected areas in Fiji through inclusion of stakeholder-specific objectives in conservation planning, Conservation Biology, 29, (5) pp. 1378-1389. ISSN 0888-8892 (2015) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2015 Society for Conservation Biology

DOI: doi:10.1111/cobi.12514


The efficacy of protected areas varies, partly because socioeconomic factors are not sufficiently considered in planning and management. Although integrating socioeconomic factors into systematic conservation planning is increasingly advocated, research is needed to progress from recognition of these factors to incorporating them effectively in spatial prioritization of protected areas. We evaluated 2 key aspects of incorporating socioeconomic factors into spatial prioritization: treatment of socioeconomic factors as costs or objectives and treatment of stakeholders as a single group or multiple groups. Using as a case study the design of a system of no-take marine protected areas (MPAs) in Kubulau, Fiji, we assessed how these aspects affected the configuration of no-take MPAs in terms of trade-offs between biodiversity objectives, fisheries objectives, and equity in catch losses among fisher stakeholder groups. The achievement of fisheries objectives and equity tended to trade-off concavely with increasing biodiversity objectives, indicating that it is possible to achieve low to mid-range biodiversity objectives with relatively small losses to fisheries and equity. Importantly, the extent of trade-offs depended on the method used to incorporate socioeconomic data and was least severe when objectives were set for each fisher stakeholder group explicitly. We found that using different methods to incorporate socioeconomic factors that require similar data and expertise can result in plans with very different impacts on local stakeholders.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:fisheries, marine reserve design, marine spatial planning, MPA, opportunity costs, social equity, systematic conservation planning, marine protected area
Research Division:Human Society
Research Group:Policy and administration
Research Field:Environment policy
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Assessment and management of terrestrial ecosystems
UTAS Author:Adams, VM (Associate Professor Vanessa Adams)
ID Code:127145
Year Published:2015
Web of Science® Times Cited:36
Deposited By:Geography and Spatial Science
Deposited On:2018-07-13
Last Modified:2020-12-03

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