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CCTV Observation: The Effects of Event Type and Instructions on Fixation Behaviour in an Applied Change Blindness Task

Citation

Graham, G and Sauer, JD and Akehurst, L and Smith, J and Hillstrom, AP, CCTV Observation: The Effects of Event Type and Instructions on Fixation Behaviour in an Applied Change Blindness Task, Applied Cognitive Psychology, 32 pp. 4-13. ISSN 0888-4080 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright © 2017 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

DOI: doi:10.1002/acp.3372

Abstract

Little is known about how observersíscanning strategies affect performance when monitoring events in closed-circuit television (CCTV) footage. We examined the fixation behaviour of change detectors and non-detectors monitoring dynamic scenes. One hundred forty-seven participants observed mock CCTV videos featuring either a mock crime or no crime. Participants were instructed to look for a crime, to look for something unusual or simply to watch the video. In both videos, two of the people depicted switched locations. Eye movements (the number of fixations on the targets and the average length of each fixation on targets) were recorded prior to and during the critical change period. Change detection (24% overall) was unaffected by event type or task instruction. Fixation behaviour differed significantly between the criminal and non-criminal event conditions. There was no effect of instructions on fixation behaviour. Change detectors fixated for longer on the target directly before the change than did non-detectors. Although fixation behaviour before change predicted change detection, fixation count and durations during the critical change period did not. These results highlight the potential value of studying fixation behaviour for understanding change blindness during complex, cognitively demanding tasks (e.g. CCTV surveillance).

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:change blindness, CCTV, eye movements
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Forensic Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Sauer, JD (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:127139
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-07-13
Last Modified:2018-08-10
Downloads:0

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