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Face value: testing the utility of contextual face cues for face recognition

Citation

Tupper, N and Sauer, JD and Sauerland, M and Fu, I and Hope, L, Face value: testing the utility of contextual face cues for face recognition, Memory pp. 1-14. ISSN 0965-8211 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International (CC BY-NC-ND 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1080/09658211.2018.1489968

Abstract

The presence of multiple faces during a crime may provide a naturally-occurring contextual cue to support eyewitness recognition for those faces later. Across two experiments, we sought to investigate mechanisms underlying previously-reported cued recognition effects, and to determine whether such effects extended to encoding conditions involving more than two faces. Participants studied sets of individual faces, pairs of faces, or groups of four faces. At test, participants in the single-face condition were tested only on those individual faces without cues. Participants in the two and four-face conditions were tested using no cues, correct cues (a face previously studied with the target test face), or incorrect cues (a never-before-seen face). In Experiment 2, associative encoding was promoted by a rating task. Neither hit rates nor false-alarm rates were significantly affected by cue type or face encoding condition in Experiment 1, but cuing of any kind (correct or incorrect) in Experiment 2 appeared to provide a protective buffer to reduce false-alarm rates through a less liberal response bias. Results provide some evidence that cued recognition techniques could be useful to reduce false recognition, but only when associative encoding is strong.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:eyewitness identification, memory, recognition
Research Division:Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Research Group:Psychology
Research Field:Forensic Psychology
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Author:Sauer, JD (Dr Jim Sauer)
ID Code:127138
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Psychology
Deposited On:2018-07-13
Last Modified:2018-08-28
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