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Optimizing prednisolone loading into distillerís dried grain kafirin microparticles, and in vitro release for oral delivery


Lau, ETL and Johnson, SK and Williams, BA and Mikkelsen, D and McCount, E and Stanley, RA and Mereddy, R and Halley, PJ and Steadman, KJ, Optimizing prednisolone loading into distiller's dried grain kafirin microparticles, and in vitro release for oral delivery, Pharmaceutics, 9, (2) Article 17. ISSN 1999-4923 (2017) [Refereed Article]


Copyright Statement

Copyright 2017 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0)

DOI: doi:10.3390/pharmaceutics9020017


Kafirin microparticles have potential as colon-targeted delivery systems because of their ability to protect encapsulated material from digestive processes of the upper gastrointestinal tract (GIT). The aim was to optimize prednisolone loading into kafirin microparticles, and investigate their potential as an oral delivery system. Response surface methodology (RSM) was used to predict the optimal formulation of prednisolone loaded microparticles. Prednisolone release from the microparticles was measured in simulated conditions of the GIT. The RSM models were inadequate for predicting the relationship between starting quantities of kafirin and prednisolone, and prednisolone loading into microparticles. Compared to prednisolone released in the simulated gastric and small intestinal conditions, no additional drug release was observed in simulated colonic conditions. Hence, more insight into factors affecting drug loading into kafirin microparticles is required to improve the robustness of the RSM model. This present method of formulating prednisolone-loaded kafirin microparticles is unlikely to offer clinical benefits over commercially available dosage forms. Nevertheless, the overall amount of prednisolone released from the kafirin microparticles in conditions simulating the human GIT demonstrates their ability to prevent the release of entrapped core material. Further work developing the formulation methods may result in a delivery system that targets the lower GIT.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:kafirin, distillerís dried grains with solubles, microparticles, response surface methodology, simulated gastrointestinal conditions, colonic delivery
Research Division:Agricultural, Veterinary and Food Sciences
Research Group:Food sciences
Research Field:Food sciences not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding knowledge in the agricultural, food and veterinary sciences
ID Code:126931
Year Published:2017
Web of Science® Times Cited:6
Deposited By:Agriculture and Food Systems
Deposited On:2018-07-03
Last Modified:2018-08-27
Downloads:77 View Download Statistics

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