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Cancer treatment decision-making with/for older adults with dementia: the intersections of autonomy, capital, and power

Citation

Cook, PS and McCarthy, AL, Cancer treatment decision-making with/for older adults with dementia: the intersections of autonomy, capital, and power, Health Sociology Review, 27, (2) pp. 184-198. ISSN 1446-1242 (2018) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group

DOI: doi:10.1080/14461242.2018.1466187

Abstract

In healthcare, health risk assessments are influenced by technical ‘objective’ measurements of the physical body and disease; the values that underlie professional practices (such as beneficence, non-maleficence, and autonomy); the organisations healthcare professionals work for; and subjective belief systems of individual healthcare professionals. As a result, cancer treatments prescribed for older adults can be tempered by personal views about a patient’s age, and other age-associated health conditions or comorbidities that they may have. Drawing from interviews undertaken with nine key staff members in a large cancer service, we examine how treatment recommendations and decisions are determined when older adults with cancer also have dementia; two health conditions more common in older age. Our analysis reveals two themes that underlie the complicated processes of risk-benefit assessment in treatment decision-making: the unequal distribution of capital and power between health workers; and whether older adults with cancer and dementia are assessed as solely individuals or embedded in supportive social networks (individual versus relational autonomy). This analysis exposes capital and personal beliefs about dementia are implicit in health risk assessments for older adults who have cancer and dementia which, in conjunction with organisational constraints, significantly influence how treatment recommendations and decisions are reached.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:ageing, older age, dementia, capital, autonomy, power, cancer, cultural capital, field
Research Division:Studies in Human Society
Research Group:Sociology
Research Field:Social Change
Objective Division:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Group:Expanding Knowledge
Objective Field:Expanding Knowledge through Studies of Human Society
UTAS Author:Cook, PS (Dr Peta Cook)
ID Code:126539
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Office of the School of Social Sciences
Deposited On:2018-06-17
Last Modified:2018-12-03
Downloads:0

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