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Intestinal Damage Following Short Duration Exercise at the Same Relative Intensity is Similar in Temperate and Hot Environments

Citation

Sheahen, BL and Fell, JW and Zadow, EK and Hartley, TF, Intestinal Damage Following Short Duration Exercise at the Same Relative Intensity is Similar in Temperate and Hot Environments, Applied Physiology, Nutrition and Metabolism ISSN 1715-5320 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright the Authors 2018.

Abstract

Increasing temperature and exercise disrupt tight junctions of the gastrointestinal tract although the contribution of environmental temperature to intestinal damage when exercising is unknown. This study investigated the effect of two different environmental temperatures on intestinal damage when exercising at the same relative intensity. Participants (n=12M, meanSD:81.987.95kg, 182.67.4cm) completed randomised cycling trials (45min, 70%V̇ O2max) in 30C/40%RH and 20C/40%RH. A subset of participants (n=5) also completed a seated passive trial (30C/40%RH). Rectal temperature and thermal sensation (TSS) were recorded during each trial and venous blood samples collected preand post-trial for the analysis of intestinal fatty acid-binding protein (I-FABP) level as a marker of intestinal damage. V̇ O2 was similar between 30C and 20C exercise trials, as intended (p=0.94). IFABP increased post-exercise in 30C (pre-exercise:585188pgmL-1, post-exercise:954411pgmL1) and 20C (pre-exercise:571175 pgmL-1, post-exercise:852317pgmL-1) (p<0.0001) but the magnitude of damage was similar between temperatures (p=0.58). There was no significant increase in I-FABP concentration following passive heat exposure (p=0.59). Rectal temperature increased during exercise trials (p<0.001), but not the passive trial (p=0.084). TSS increased more when exercising in 30C compared to 20C (p<0.001). There was an increase in TSS during the passive heat trial (p=0.03). Intestinal damage, as measured by I-FABP, following exercise in the heat was similar to when exercising in a cooler environment at the same relative intensity. Passive heat exposure did not increase I-FABP. It is suggested that when exercising in conditions of compensable heat stress, the increase in intestinal damage is predominantly attributable to the exercise component, rather than environmental conditions.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:intestinal damage, heat stress
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Human Movement and Sports Science
Research Field:Human Movement and Sports Science not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health)
Objective Field:Specific Population Health (excl. Indigenous Health) not elsewhere classified
Author:Sheahen, BL (Mr Brodie Sheahen)
Author:Fell, JW (Associate Professor James Fell)
Author:Zadow, EK (Ms Emma Zadow)
Author:Hartley, TF (Dr Thomas Hartley)
ID Code:126462
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Health Sciences
Deposited On:2018-06-13
Last Modified:2018-08-10
Downloads:2 View Download Statistics

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