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Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at 2 years old: a comparison study


Lynn, L and Cuskelly, M and Gray, P and O'Callaghan, M, Self-regulation in children born with extremely low birth weight at 2 years old: a comparison study, Infants & Young Children, 25, (2) pp. 136-148. ISSN 0896-3746 (2012) [Refereed Article]

Copyright Statement

Copyright 2012 Wolters Kluwer Health

DOI: doi:10.1097/IYC.0b013e31824963a2


Survival rates for children born with extremely low birth weight (ELBW) are increasing; however, many of these children experience later problems with learning. This study adopted an integrated approach to these problems, involving the self-regulatory tasks of inhibition and delay of gratification and relevant individual factors including cognitive and language skills. Thirty children born with ELBW and 36 full-term children at 2 years of age completed the self-regulatory tasks. Results indicated no differences between groups for the inhibition task; however, comparison children were better able to delay gratification than children with ELBW. Performance on both self-regulatory tasks improved as cognitive and language abilities increased and all self-regulatory tasks were correlated with cognitive and language abilities. Performance on the inhibition task was predicted by cognitive ability and language abilities, and all variables were approaching significance for predicting performance on the delay of gratification task. It is expected that the small sample size and wide variations in the developmental progression of self-regulation and associated factors at 2 years of age may have limited the strength of relationships found in this study.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Self control, body weight, toddlers, delay of gratification, inhibition, language skills, cognitive ability, predictor variables, comparative analysis
Research Division:Psychology
Research Group:Applied and developmental psychology
Research Field:Psychology of ageing
Objective Division:Education and Training
Objective Group:Learner and learning
Objective Field:Learner and learning not elsewhere classified
UTAS Author:Cuskelly, M (Professor Monica Cuskelly)
ID Code:126242
Year Published:2012
Web of Science® Times Cited:4
Deposited By:Education
Deposited On:2018-05-30
Last Modified:2018-08-28

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