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Sarcophilus harrisii (Dasyuromorphia: Dasyuridae)


Rose, RK and Pemberton, DA and Monney, NJ and Jones, ME, Sarcophilus harrisii (Dasyuromorphia: Dasyuridae), Mammalian Species, 49, (942) pp. 1-17. ISSN 0076-3519 (2017) [Substantial Review]

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DOI: doi:10.1093/mspecies/sex001


The Tasmanian devil, Sarcophilus harrisii (Boitard, 1842), the largest surviving marsupial carnivore, is endemic to Tasmania. The size of a small stocky dog, with males weighing 9 kg and females 6 kg, S. harrisii is a scavenger of large mammals and opportunistic predator of vertebrates. Life span in the wild averaged 34 years until the late 1990s when a fatal cancer, transmitted by bites, began devastating populations, primarily adults. Devil Facial Tumor Disease (DFTD), a soft-tissue neoplasm usually seen 1st on the head, invariably kills within 6 months of the appearance of symptoms. In the 20 years since the appearance of DFTD, S. harrisii has gone from a species of "Least Concern" to one "Threatened" and potentially on the path to extinction

Item Details

Item Type:Substantial Review
Keywords:Tasmanian devil, Australia, carnivore, marsupial, predator, Sarcophilus, scavenger
Research Division:Biological Sciences
Research Group:Zoology
Research Field:Zoology not elsewhere classified
Objective Division:Environmental Management
Objective Group:Terrestrial systems and management
Objective Field:Terrestrial biodiversity
UTAS Author:Jones, ME (Professor Menna Jones)
ID Code:126198
Year Published:2017
Deposited By:Zoology
Deposited On:2018-05-29
Last Modified:2019-02-15

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