Patterns of developmental plasticity in response to incubation temperature in reptiles
While, GM and Noble, DWA and Uller, T and Warner, DA and Riley, JL and Du, W-G and Schwanz, LE, Patterns of developmental plasticity in response to incubation temperature in reptiles, Journal of Experimental Zoology Part A: Ecological and Integrative Physiology, 329, (4-5) pp. 162-176. ISSN 1552-5007 (2018) [Refereed Article]
Early life environments shape phenotypic development in important ways that can lead to longlasting effects on phenotype and fitness. In reptiles, one aspect of the early environment that impacts development is temperature (termed ‘thermal developmental plasticity’). Indeed, the thermal environment during incubation is known to influence morphological, physiological, and behavioral traits, some of which have important consequences for many ecological and evolutionary processes. Despite this, few studies have attempted to synthesize and collate data from this expansive and important body of research. Here, we systematically review research into thermal developmental plasticity across reptiles, structured around the key papers and findings that have shaped the field over the past 50 years. From these papers, we introduce a large database (the ‘Reptile Development Database’) consisting of 9,773 trait means across 300 studies examining thermal developmental plasticity. This dataset encompasses data on a range of phenotypes, including morphological, physiological, behavioral, and performance traits along with growth rate, incubation duration, sex ratio, and survival (e.g., hatching success) across all major reptile clades. Finally, from our literature synthesis and data exploration, we identify key research themes associated with thermal developmental plasticity, important gaps in empirical research, and demonstrate how future progress can be made through targeted empirical, meta-analytic, and comparative work.