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Associations between sedentary behaviours and dietary intakes among adolescents

Citation

Fletcher, EA and McNaughton, SA and Crawford, D and Cleland, V and Della Gatta, J and Hatt, J and Dollman, J and Timperio, A, Associations between sedentary behaviours and dietary intakes among adolescents, Public Health Nutrition, 21, (6) pp. 1115-1122. ISSN 1368-9800 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

2018 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International (CC BY 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1017/S136898001700372X

Abstract

Objective: The purpose of the current study was to examine associations of individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, and total sitting time, with healthy and unhealthy dietary intakes among adolescents.

Design: Cross-sectional study of adolescents. Participants self-reported durations of television viewing, computer use, playing electronic games (e-games), total sitting time, daily servings of fruits and vegetables, and frequency of consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSB), diet beverages, fast foods and discretionary snacks. Logistic regression models were conducted to identify associations of screen-based behaviours, total screen time and total sitting time with dietary intakes.

Setting: Victoria, Australia.

Subjects: Adolescents (n 939) in School Year 11 (mean age 168 years).

Results: The results showed that watching television (≥2 h/d) was positively associated with consuming SSB and diet beverages each week and consuming discretionary snacks at least once daily, whereas computer use (≥2 h/d) was inversely associated with daily fruit and vegetable intake and positively associated with weekly fast-food consumption. Playing e-games (any) was inversely associated with daily vegetable intake and positively associated with weekly SSB consumption. Total screen (≥2 h/d) and sitting (h/d) times were inversely associated with daily fruit and vegetable consumption, with total screen time also positively associated with daily discretionary snack consumption and weekly consumption of SSB and fast foods.

Conclusions: Individual and aggregated screen-based behaviours, as well as total sitting time, are associated with a number of indicators of healthy and unhealthy dietary intake. Future research should explore whether reducing recreational screen time improves adolescents' diets.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:adolescents, diet, screen time, sitting, snacks, television viewing
Research Division:Medical and Health Sciences
Research Group:Public Health and Health Services
Research Field:Preventive Medicine
Objective Division:Health
Objective Group:Public Health (excl. Specific Population Health)
Objective Field:Behaviour and Health
Author:Cleland, V (Dr Verity Cleland)
ID Code:126119
Year Published:2018
Deposited By:Menzies Institute for Medical Research
Deposited On:2018-05-23
Last Modified:2018-06-04
Downloads:3 View Download Statistics

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