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A highly sensitive, non-invasive qPCR-based strategy for direct quantification of Yersinia ruckeri in fish faeces

Citation

Ghosh, B and Crosbie, PBB and Nowak, BF and Bridle, AR, A highly sensitive, non-invasive qPCR-based strategy for direct quantification of Yersinia ruckeri in fish faeces, Journal of Fish Diseases, 41, (9) pp. 1421-1428. ISSN 0140-7775 (2018) [Refereed Article]


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Copyright Statement

Copyright 2018 John Wiley & Sons Ltd. This is the peer reviewed version of the following article: A highly sensitive, non-invasive qPCR-based strategy for direct quantification of Yersinia ruckeri in fish faeces, which has been published in final form at http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/jfd.12839. This article may be used for non-commercial purposes in accordance with Wiley Terms and Conditions for Use of Self-Archived Versions

DOI: doi:10.1111/jfd.12839

Abstract

Finfish with asymptomatic Yersinia ruckeri infections pose a major risk as they can transmit the pathogen and cause clinical outbreaks in stock populations. Current tools have insufficient quantitative ability for accurately detecting the trace levels of Y. ruckeri typically associated with asymptomatic infection, necessitate invasive or lethal sampling, or require long processing times. This study presents a highly sensitive qPCR-based method, targeting part of the Y. ruckeri 16S rRNA sequence, that is capable of detecting extremely low levels of Y. ruckeri in non-invasively collected faecal samples. Quantitative precision and accuracy of faecal sample analysis was consistent, despite the complexity of the faecal matrix. The assay demonstrated linearity over a 6 log-wide dynamic range. Its limit of detection (LOD) and limit of quantification (LOQ) were 4 and 10 copies of the target sequence, respectively. Sensitivity of the assay was comparable to other qPCR-based methods without requiring invasive or lethal sampling. Applicability as a screening strategy was tested using passively collected faecal samples. Asymptomatic Y. ruckeri infection was detected in all samples, though none of the fish exhibited overt infection. This method will be beneficial for finfish disease management if developed further as a non-invasive, screening tool against asymptomatic Y. ruckeri infection.

Item Details

Item Type:Refereed Article
Keywords:Yersinia ruckeri, non-invasive, qPCR, absolute quantification, low level pathogen, salmon
Research Division:Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
Research Group:Fisheries Sciences
Research Field:Fish Pests and Diseases
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Control of Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species
Objective Field:Control of Animal Pests, Diseases and Exotic Species in Coastal and Estuarine Environments
UTAS Author:Ghosh, B (Dr Bikramjit Ghosh)
UTAS Author:Crosbie, PBB (Dr Philip Crosbie)
UTAS Author:Nowak, BF (Professor Barbara Nowak)
UTAS Author:Bridle, AR (Associate Professor Andrew Bridle)
ID Code:126045
Year Published:2018
Web of Science® Times Cited:13
Deposited By:Fisheries and Aquaculture
Deposited On:2018-05-19
Last Modified:2018-11-27
Downloads:8 View Download Statistics

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