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The purpose of this scoping review is to examine the literature regarding the
development, implementation, scope and extent of Advanced Practice Radiation
Therapist (APRT) roles in Australia in peer reviewed journals, government
reports, conference proceedings and reports. A search was undertaken of
PubMed, Web of Science and CINAHL, the ASMIRT website and, and Google
Scholar to identify relevant documents. Combinations of keywords with
Boolean operators ((advanced practice) OR (advanced practitioner) OR
(specialist)) AND ((radiation therapist) OR (radiation therapy)) were used.
Online and physical searches were conducted between July 16 and 23 2017.
Results were not date limited. The searches retrieved 352 after duplicates were
removed with 46 remaining after filtering for eligibility criteria. Items consisted
of journal articles, conference abstracts, presentation slides, online
presentations, State government and ASMIRT reports. A number of potential
and existing APRT roles were found in the identified articles, including image
review, stereotactic, treatment review, breast localisation, palliative radiotherapy,
brachytherapy, radiation engineering and urology. Despite reports indicating
that radiation therapists in Australia have been concerned with professional
directions since 2001, there is little evidence of formal progress towards defined
APRT roles. Several centres have implemented roles in a number of practice
areas. The success of APRT roles lies in the ability to demonstrate that
implementation goals have been achieved and that patient care has improved.
The literature suggests that this is occurring, however, the presented evidence is
Advanced Practice Radiation Therapist, oncology, patient care