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Ocean-atmosphere interactions of particles

Citation

de Leeuw, G and Guieu, C and Arneth, A and Bellouin, N and Bopp, L and Boyd, PW and Denier van der Gon, HAC and Desboeufs, KV and Dulac, F and Cristina Facchini, M and Gantt, B and Langmann, B and Mahowald, NM and Maranon, E and O'Dowd, C and Olgun, N and Pulido-Villena, E and Rinaldi, M and Stephanou, EG and Wagener, T, Ocean-atmosphere interactions of particles, Ocean-Atmosphere Interactions of Gases and Particles, Springer, PS Liss, MT Johnson (ed), Heidelberg, pp. 171-246. ISBN 978-364225642-4 (2014) [Research Book Chapter]


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Copyright 2014 The Authors. Licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International (CC BY-NC 4.0) https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/

DOI: doi:10.1007/978-3-642-25643-1_4

Abstract

This chapter provides an overview of the current knowledge on aerosols in the marine atmosphere and the effects of aerosols on climate and on processes in the oceanic surface layer. Aerosol particles in the marine atmosphere originate predominantly from direct production at the sea surface due to the interaction between wind and waves (sea spray aerosol, or SSA) and indirect production by gas to particle conversion. These aerosols are supplemented by aerosols produced over the continents, as well as aerosols emitted by volcanoes and ship traffic, a large part of it being deposited to the ocean surface by dry and wet deposition. The SSA sources, chemical composition and ensuing physical and optical effects, are discussed. An overview is presented of continental sources and their ageing and mixing processes during transport. The current status of our knowledge on effects of marine aerosols on the Earth radiative balance, both direct by their interaction with solar radiation and indirect through their effects on cloud properties, is discussed. The deposition on the ocean surface of some key species, such as nutrients, their bioavailability and how they impact biogeochemical cycles are shown and discussed through different time and space scales approaches.

Item Details

Item Type:Research Book Chapter
Keywords:ocean, atmosphere, particle interaction, aerosols
Research Division:Earth Sciences
Research Group:Oceanography
Research Field:Physical Oceanography
Objective Division:Environment
Objective Group:Other Environment
Objective Field:Marine Oceanic Processes (excl. climate related)
Author:Boyd, PW (Professor Philip Boyd)
ID Code:125827
Year Published:2014
Deposited By:Ecology and Biodiversity
Deposited On:2018-05-09
Last Modified:2018-06-04
Downloads:27 View Download Statistics

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